American Degeneration II:
The Vicious Artists
(James Madison), The Federalist Papers
Unfortunately, Madison plainly didn't foresee that "unworthy candidates" would be able to hire whole armies of such "vicious artists" with monies paid to them in anticipation of return (every "campaign donation" of any size at all represents either a political debt or a political payoff).
Presumably, he would've thought that the very news that a candidate had hired such "vicious artists" to ply their "vicious arts" on his behalf would be enough to stain that candidate irreparably in the eyes of the American people, and cause that candidacy to fail.
And, presumably, he could hardly have foreseen, or heard with other than total dismay and disgust, that such "vicious artists" would be celebrated—made "celebrities" of—by the American people.
Keywords: demagogues, Dick Morris, Ed Rollins, election-manipulation, focus groups, FoxNews, James Carville, Lee Atwater, opposition research, political consulting, propagandists, Roger Ailes, sophists, spin doctors, The Selling of the President 1968